Occupational Therapy for Elderly People
Aging is a physiologically inevitable process with chronological, social and psychological dimensions. Due to the physiological and physical changes that occur in the elderly in this process, some activities of the individuals are restricted or prevented from realizing these activities. These changes cause individuals to feel unhappy and especially affect the quality of life in terms of their health.
In the old age period, the negativity of individual characteristics (poor socio‐economic situation, low education level, gender, etc.), functional disorder, decrease in level of daily living activity, decrease in mobility, falling anxiety due to movement and vision problems, sleep problems, cognitive changes, other conditions and situations that cause disability lead to decrease in quality of life and social participation.
The quality of life for the elderly in occupational therapy and social participation of examining the factors influencing factors within the framework of a holistic approach to people and the environment are examined. Aging is defined as a part of life in which progressive physiological changes are accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of acute and chronic diseases. Decreased functioning of an organism, as well as the wasting of organs, tissues, and cells, reduces the ability of elderly people to adapt to environmental factors. The reduction of the biological and physiological capacity of the individual is an inevitable part of aging. Aging is a process that negatively affects many living systems. Physiological and anatomical changes in the aging process also lead to functional disorders in the individual. In this sense, quality of life is consisted of such as physical and financial well‐being of individuals, social participation, participation in leisure time activities, psychological and emotional status, and family and social environment.
Today, we need to better understand the importance of physical functions in order to remember that elderly individuals are a productive part of society, to minimize the incompetence, limitations, discomforts that occur with aging, and to continue their lives independently. Physical functions can be explained by environmental factors, force, balance, other physiological and psychological ways. In the process of aging, such as the many changes in the human body, balance is also affected. In addition to being associated with inadequacy in geriatric age groups, these changes are also a cause of the increase in the rate of falls in older ages. Approximately one‐third of geriatric individuals have a story of falling at least once every year, half of the individuals over 80 years of age.
Please note that this article is not a translation of the article in Armenian version.
Article Source: intechopen.com